Thyroid disease is common in women of childbearing age. The thyroid gland produces hormones that help control almost every function in the body.
Types of Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy
Two types of thyroid disease are commonly seen in pregnancy:
- hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid)
- hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid).
Pregnancies complicated by hyper- and hypothyroidism may be complicated by fetal growth delay, preterm birth, preeclampsia, and stillbirth. The diagnosis of thyroid disease is made by blood tests.
Treatment of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy
You may need treatment for your thyroid condition during pregnancy. Maternal-fetal medicine specialists will work with your obstetrician to prescribe safe and efficacious medications for your particular thyroid disease. In some cases, you may need to see an endocrinologist (specialist in thyroid disorders). Genetic counselors are also available to review medications and their effects in pregnancy. Our goal is a healthy mother and baby.